John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born on 3rd January 1892, on Bloemfontein, South Africa, and passed away on 2nd September 1972. He was raised in a very poor family, with very humble origins.
He is famous because of his work as a writer, poet, philologist. He wrote famous high fantasy works, such as The Hobbit, The Lord of The Rings Trilogy, The Silmarillion and Tom Bombadil and other tales.
During his life he served the British army during World War 1. He also served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature at Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959. Later he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972.
He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis, who wrote The Chronicles of Narnia —they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings.
He was very talented and committed to his job, in fact he was so committed that he invented a lot of whole new languages with different variations, such as Elven, Khuzdul, Black Speech, Taliska and a sign Language called Iglishmêk.
Concluding, J.R.R.Tolkien is the Father of modern fantasy literature.
By Leonardo, Jorge S., José Pedro